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By Robert D. Cavanaugh, Clu
Deferred annuities possess characteristics found nowhere else. They play an important part in seniors' portfolios.
Seniors hold billions of dollars in deferred annuities. However, my experience is that the average person knows little about the unique advantages of deferred annuities, much less the options they have during the holding period.
When you mention the term, "annuity", it typically conjures up thoughts of getting a small check in the mail every month from some insurance company. It is viewed as an income.
The vast majority, however, of annuities are of the "deferred annuity" variety. They are accounts designed to grow money over a period of time in a safe environment. Over 90% of deferred annuities are never "annuitized", that is, converted to that monthly check in the mail.
So let's take a look at some of the attributes of annuities and, in the process, clear up many misunderstandings about this vehicle.
Tax Deferred Earnings
Deferred annuities provide "triple compound interest." There is interest on principal, interest on interest and interest on the taxes you would have paid on an investment in a non-tax deferred environment.
For example, 6% which is taxable is equivalent to an 8% non-taxed return assuming a combined federal and state tax bracket of 25%.
While deferred annuities are not FDIC insured, like a CD with a bank, they are backed by the generally billions of dollars of the insurance company's assets. No big risks here.
A Competitive Interest Rate
Insurance companies normally set the interest rate for a deferred annuity contract annually. You will find that it is usually one to two points above CD rates. So not only do you get a higher rate but the interest is tax-deferred, unlike a CD where you pay taxes on the interest each year.
Some deferred annuities offer a rate that is guaranteed for a number of years, such as five. If you think interest rates will fall, you can lock in today's rate.
Minimum Interest Guarantee
When you get to the end of your annuity time frame, if your annuity has not given you at least a minimum of (generally) 3% interest per year, then the insurance company will apply their minimum guaranteed rate. Nothing to get excited about, but at least you know that you can't lose money and there is a minimum interest rate that is guaranteed no matter what.
No Sales Charges
When you move money into a deferred annuity, 100% of the money goes to work for you from day one. There are no sales charges subtracted from your initial deposit.
No Annual Administration Fees
Some places to park money, like mutual funds, may have fees attached to the administration of the fund. Not so with deferred annuities.
This is a source of major misunderstanding. Many people do not realize that their money is not as tied up as they think; there are a number of ways to access funds without surrender charge penalties.
The interest rate is typically a function of your age. For example, if you are 65, the interest rate is 5%; 70 would be 6%; 75 pays 7%.
Free of Probate
This feature will vary by state, but in those states in which this feature is applied, an annuity is not included as a probate asset. Hence it is free of any probate fees or any delays in passing the funds to your beneficiaries. The normal requirement, however, is that the annuity must have a named beneficiary.
Free From Creditors
Again, this will vary from state to state. If you live in a state where this applies, this is added peace of mind that the money in your deferred annuity is safe in the event of a financial reversal.
Folks who object to deferred annuities usually bring up the fact that there are surrender charges that make getting their hands on the money costly. To a certain degree this is true. In order for the insurance company to go on the hook for the guarantees in the contract, they need to put some strings on accessing the funds.
However, these surrender charges decrease over time. Eventually they disappear altogether. In addition, after you have held your contract for a certain number of years (five is typical), you can take all or some of the money out over a five (sometimes ten) year period with no surrender charges.
The bottom line is that the surrender charge issue can be circumvented in a number of instances. Remember, deferred annuities are longer term scenarios. You certainly wouldn't want to put emergency fund money or money you are going to use to buy a new car in two years into a deferred annuity contract to begin with.
So there you have it. Ten features of a deferred annuity, which will add to your understanding of this product.
Robert D. Cavanaugh, CLU is a 36-year financial and estate planning veteran and author of the free newsletter, "The Estate Preservation Advisor".