Meeting the Challenge of College Costs
Your child has entered high school and is just four years away from college. It’s
time to get serious about figuring out how much it’s going to cost. Based upon recent
data from the College Board, if he or she goes to a private four-year university,
the cost for the four years will be about $160,000.
Which position would you rather be in—taking advantage of a “discount” of $18,000
off the sticker price or overpaying by $53,000? That, in a nutshell, is how to compare
the difference between saving for college now or borrowing to pay for your child’s
Two solid savings opportunities
Even small savings can have a significant impact over time. Every dollar saved offsets
a dollar that otherwise would have to be borrowed. More importantly, every dollar
saved can earn additional income, which brings down the total cost.
Don’t look to your 401(k) plan or IRA. These accounts are great ways to save for
retirement, and they do permit penalty-free withdrawals to pay the costs of higher
education. However, these are not good choices for building a college fund. There
are potential tax and opportunity costs for tapping your retirement resources early.
There are, however, some ways to save that—thanks to the tax breaks offered by Uncle
Sam—will permit you to help your college fund grow more quickly. For instance, you
can open a Coverdell Education Savings Account (ESA), or as it was formerly known,
an Education IRA, for each of your children and contribute up to $2,000 a year.
The earnings in the account grow tax free as long as withdrawals are used for qualified
education expenses. Unfortunately, not everyone can fund an ESA. Individuals’ ability
to contribute the full amount phases out between modified adjusted gross income
of $95,000 and $110,000. For joint-filing couples the phase-out range is now double
those amounts, $190,000 to $220,000.
No such limits apply to Section 529 college savings plans. A Section 529 plan is
a state-sponsored savings account, available in all 50 states. The account is set
up for the purpose of saving in order to pay for most higher education expenses
at eligible institutions. No federal tax is paid on the income earned on amounts
accumulated in a Section 529 plan. Even better, when withdrawals are made and used
for qualified expenses, they won’t be taxed either. (This special treatment currently
is set to expire after 2010 unless Congress decides to extend this tax break.) Often,
there won’t be any tax consequences at the state level either.
How much do you need to save?
The table below illustrates how much that you will need to save per month to meet
the everescalating cost of a college education.** Your actual costs, of course,
may be more or less, depending upon a variety of factors—for instance, whether the
school is public or private, the year that your child starts college and the actual
rate of inflation in the years to come. Still, these numbers will give you a good
idea of just how important it is to develop a plan for saving and investing when
your child is young.
You begin to save and invest when your child...
If your investments earn an average of 6% a year, you must save per month:
If your investments earn an average of 7% a year, you must save per month:
If your investments earn an average of 8% a year, you must save per month:
is one year old
starts school (age five)
enters the teen years (age 13)
Looking for guidance?
Although a good investment return is important, starting as early as possible is
even more advantageous. A good first step is to develop an organized, disciplined
approach to investing. And that’s where we come in. We will:
• Help devise a strategy to ensure that you have as much on hand as you need when
those tuition bills start rolling in.
• Offer you an array of investment choices that are suited to your specific needs
• Implement and monitor your investment strategy, making the necessary adjustments
If you are looking for a source of unbiased advice about an investment strategy
for your children’s future education, call us now. We would be pleased to assist