Myths About Trusts
Trusts are a dependable way to arrange for the management of family funds. Yet even
financially sophisticated people settle for less satisfactory alternatives. Lack
of knowledge isn’t the problem. It’s the assorted myths about trusts handed down
over the years.
Myth #1. Only the very rich use trusts.
Because what the superrich do is by definition “news,” media reports inadvertently
encourage the misconception that trusts are only for the very rich. The fact is,
the great majority of people who set up trusts are affluent, not superwealthy. Typically,
they are people who seek sound financial management for money received from the
sale of property or a business, for invested funds built up over their lifetimes,
for inheritances or life insurance proceeds, or for payouts from pension plans.
Myth #2. Trusts are arrangements made for heirs, not for yourself.
Although some trusts continue to be created by will, today many men and women create
living trusts. A living trust is simply a trust that a person sets up during his
or her lifetime, and typically the creator of the trust is also the primary beneficiary.
(Look at it this way: Eager though you may be to provide financial support for your
family, shouldn’t you start by providing it for yourself?)
Agewise, a person who sets up a living trust usually turns out to be somewhere between
45 and 65.
Myth #3. When you put funds in trust, it’s like locking up your money and throwing
away the key.
Fact: A trust fund can be as accessible or as “locked up” as you care to make it.
If you’re setting up a trust primarily for your own benefit, you’ll want everything
accessible. You may also want to give your spouse or child access to trust assets.
Sometimes, though, it’s desirable to impose certain controls. For instance, when
widows or widowers with children remarry, and set up trusts for themselves and their
new spouse, often they “lock things up” just enough to ensure that the trust assets
ultimately pass to their own children, not their spouse’s.
Myth #4. Trusts are too complicated.
Again, the provisions of a trust can be as simple or as complicated as you want
them to be. The basic terms of a living trust are usually simple. A widow, for instance,
directs the trustee to invest her assets, pay her the income for the rest of her
life (plus any amounts that she wishes to withdraw from time to time), and then
wind up the trust by dividing what’s left among her children.
But a little extra planning can be well worth the resulting “complexity.” The woman
just mentioned might want to expand the terms of her trust to allow the trustee
to act for her in financial matters if she becomes incapacitated. The trustee can
pay her medical expenses, taxes, household bills and other recurring expenses from
the trust if she is no longer able to handle these chores herself.
Myth #5. Trust services are expensive.
Fees will depend upon the duties that you ask your trustee to perform and the size
of your trust fund. Generally, these charges are competitive with what you would
pay elsewhere for top-quality investment management. In some cases they even may
Myth #6. Trusts don’t provide good investment performance.
You may have heard that trust funds are invested conservatively, resulting in subpar
rates of return. But in actuality banks and trust companies have an enviable record
of providing consistently productive investment performance.
Myth #7. Trust services are impersonal.
Admittedly, the personal touch is much less in evidence in today’s world of automated,
computerized “financial services.” Personal trust service is a dramatic exception
to the trend.
To be sure, high-tech computers help keep records, compare possible investments
and analyze personal planning options. But such operations are “behind the scenes.”
When you place your assets in trust, you deal directly with a trust officer who
will take the time to get to know you.
Once people get past the myths, they usually become fascinated by the remarkably
practical ways in which they can use trusts to build financial security. A meeting
with a trust officer will allow you to explore the many ways that you can benefit
from a trust.